The World Disaster Report rated climate change as the greatest global challenge, finding disasters triggered by climate-related events had risen 35% since 1990s
Even as the pandemic rages, climate change is not taking a break from wreaking havoc, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies (IFRC) said in a new report.
In the report, on global catastrophes since the 1960s, the Geneva-based organisation pointed out that the world had been hit by more than 100 disasters — many of them climate related — since the World Health Organization declared the pandemic in March.
More than 50 million people had been affected, it said.
“Of course, the COVID-19 is there, it’s in front of us, it is affecting our families, our friends, our relatives,” IFRC Secretary-General Jagan Chapagain told a virtual press conference.
“It’s a very, very serious crisis the world is facing currently,” he said of the pandemic, which has already claimed more than 1.3 million lives.
But he warned that the IFRC expects “climate change will have a more significant medium and long term impact on the human life and on Earth.”
And while it looked increasingly likely that one or several vaccines would soon become available against COVID-19 , Chapagain stressed that “unfortunately there is no vaccine for climate change”.
No vaccine for climate change
When it comes to global warming, he warned, “it will require a much more sustained action and investment to really protect the human life on this Earth.”
The frequency and intensity of extreme weather and climate-related events had already increased considerably in recent decades, said the IFRC.
In 2019 alone, the world was hit by 308 natural disasters — 77 percent of them climate or weather-related — killing some 24,400 people.
The number of climate and weather-related disasters has been steadily climbing since the 1960s, and has surged by nearly 35 percent since the 1990s, IFRC said.
This is a deadly development.
Weather and climate-related disasters have killed more than 410,000 people over the past decade, most of them in poorer countries, with heatwaves and storms proving the most deadly, the report said.
Faced with this threat, which “literally threatens our long-term survival”, IFRC called on the international community to act with the urgency required.
‘Protect most vulnerable communities’
It estimated that around $50 billion would be needed annually over the next decade to help the 50 developing countries to adapt to the changing climate.
IFRC stressed that that amount was “dwarfed by the global response to the economic impact of COVID-19 ,” which has already passed $10 trillion.
It also lamented that much of the money invested so far in climate change prevention and mitigation was not going to the developing countries most at risk.
“Our first responsibility is to protect communities that are most exposed and vulnerable to climate risks,” Chapagain said, warning though that “our research demonstrates that the world is collectively failing to do this.”
“There is a clear disconnection between where the climate risk is greatest and where climate adaptation funding goes,” he said.
“This disconnection could very well cost lives,” he added.
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